- Cities are increasingly relying on IoT technology to become “smart”.
- IoT Analytics published a comprehensive 134-page report studying the initiatives of some of the world’s smartest cities such as London, Beijing, Berlin, Barcelona, and Dubai.
- “Connected public transport” is the #1 IoT use case for Smart Cities, followed by traffic monitoring, and water level monitoring. This article highlights the top 10 use cases that Smart Cities are implementing.
Why it matters
- IoT technology helps cities curb inefficiencies, fight rising pollution levels, and lift the quality of life of their citizens
- The report provides quantitative data to support cities as well as their technology vendors in decision-making on their IoT initiatives, provides technology/implementation trends, and a view on leading vendors.
The journey to becoming a Smart City
Do you remember what it was like to wait and not know when the bus or train would arrive as it was seemingly running late?
Millions of people had these worries every day on their way to/from work or elsewhere – this was before the arrival of IoT, less than 20 years ago.
Things are different today and, in many places, these worries are a thing of the past. In fact, “Connected Public Transport” is the #1 leading Smart City Use Case in 2020, as the majority of Smart Cities around the world have adopted smart systems that provide their citizens with technology so they can commute easier, faster, and more reliably with public transport.
This is according to the recently published Smart City Use Cases & Technology Adoption Report 2020 in which IoT Analytics surveyed key decision-makers from 50 cities around the globe on the details of their Smart City initiatives. (for a list of the cities surveyed see here).
The study shows that cities around the world are looking to Smart City technology to help address problems that are and will continue to impede the quality of life of its citizens. These include increasing operational efficiency and improving decision making in the short term while addressing long term challenges of sustainability and pollution in ever-growing cities.
Among other aspects, the report examines 31 Smart City use cases in depth. Here are the top 10 Smart City use cases (by share of adoption in the 50 cities analyzed):
Smart City use case #1: Connected Public Transport
Connected public transport tops the list at a 74% implementation rate. Today’s state-of-the-art public transportation systems combine real-time monitoring of public transportation vehicles’ locations and routes with notifications and personalized travel news to passengers. Smooth and fast public transport is of growing importance in cities that suffer from traffic congestion.
Example: Skånetrafiken, the public transport provider in the city of Malmö, Sweden partnered with Telia and Swarco to install a connected public bus system. The system gathers real-time information about the whereabouts of individual buses. Not only does the system inform passengers about the best routes to their destination but it also connects the buses with traffic lights and each other. This allows for smart management and control of the public transport system.
Smart City use case #2: Traffic Monitoring and Management
72% of cities have deployed a traffic monitoring and management solution. Traffic monitoring and management helps monitor and manage traffic flows efficiently. This is of increasing importance as the growing urban population will lead to more and more cars on already congested roads at the same time. According to the United Nations, the share of people living in urban areas will grow from 55% in 2018 to 68% in 2050.
Example: The city of Copenhagen, Denmark rolled out 380 intelligent traffic lights that not only prioritize bikes and buses but also help clear congested streets after selected events such as soccer games have taken place. The green light phase of a traffic light can be extended by up to 30 seconds according to the situation. After the city first tested 10 of these new smart traffic lights in one part of the city it realized how impactful this new system is and decided to roll it out extensively throughout the city.
Smart City use case #3: Water level / Flood Monitoring
72% of smart cities have deployed smart water level or flood monitoring. The solutions monitor the level of water in public water basins such as rivers, channels, or even lakes and seas. In densely built-up areas such as cities, this can be crucial. But even in rural areas deploying this Smart City Use Case can be vital.
Example: In 2017 75% of the population of La Emilia (Buenos Aires, Argentina) was forced to evacuate after the local river destroyed the dam and the dikes. As a result, the government implemented a system (based on the Libelium wireless sensor platform) that offers real-time information about the condition of the river. The collection of long-term statistics also help to mitigate future risks.
Smart City use case #4: Video Surveillance & Analytics
72% of smart cities have deployed some form of video surveillance & analytics solution. They use CCT cameras and analytics to detect specific situations, e.g. accidents, crimes, potential threats, or recognize specific features (face recognition, demographics, etc.). This Smart City use case is particularly beneficial in highly crowded urban areas where humans cannot observe all the information at once and in time.
Example: The city of Cape Town in South Africa introduced a License Plate Recognition solution that helped to make the main street leading to one of the wealthiest suburbs of the city much safer. 42 day/night cameras were installed so that the identity of up to 300,000 cars an hour can be monitored. City officials reported a 65% drop in crime following the introduction of the system.
Smart City use case #5: Connected Streetlights
68% of smart cities use connected streetlights in everyday operations. The monitoring and management of streetlights’ health status and energy consumption can help cities decrease costs and become more sustainable.
Example: The city of Chicago initiated the Chicago Smart Lighting Project in 2017. It is expected that streetlights will consume up to 75% less electricity when all estimated 270,000 light fixtures are replaced in 2021.
More information and further reading
Are you interested in learning more about the adoption of Smart City uses cases and technologies?
The Smart City Use Cases & Technology Adoption Report 2020 analyses not only the adoption of Smart City use cases and (connectivity) technologies but shows barriers, challenges, and success factors from a survey of 50 city decision-makers from some of the world’s leading Smart City initiatives (e.g., London, Barcelona, Dubai, Beijing, Berlin, and many others).
The 134-page report part of IoT Analytics’ ongoing coverage of Smart City and Connectivity and includes many additional insights not discussed in this article, including an analysis of the 7 patterns of successful Smart City initiatives (vs. less successful ones), more details on how cities manage the process and how the initiatives are financed.
In Q4 2020, IoT Analytics will publish a comprehensive Smart City Market Report 2020-2025 which, among other things, will take a deep-dive at the market as well as the competitive landscape for many of these use cases and Smart City as a whole.
If you are interested in the Smart City use case of Smart Parking, you may be interested in the Smart Parking Market Report 2019-2023, if you are interested in Connected Streetlights, please take a look at the Connected Streetlights Report 2018 – 2023
This report provides answers to the following questions (among others):
- What use cases are smart cities adopting and to which degree?
- Which use cases have the highest number of connected devices?
- Which are some of the common technology vendors and how well perceived are they?
- What connectivity technologies are used by smart cities and for what reason?
- Which regions are ahead when adopting these technologies?
- Who is deciding on and implementing the Smart City initiative?
- Where is the funding coming from and what is it spent on?
- What are the motivational factors to start the initiative? What are roadblocks?
- How do cities measure the outcome?
- What distinguishes successful Smart City initiatives from less successful ones?
The Smart City Use Cases & Technology Report 2020 is part of IoT Analytics’ ongoing coverage of Smart City and Connectivity (see Smart City Research Workstream). The information presented in this report is based on an extensive survey with leading city managers and experts conducted in February and March 2020. The purpose is to inform other market participants about the current state of technology adoption with cities across the world, their needs, challenges, and many other aspects of Smart City initiatives. Survey participants were randomly selected, and their knowledge was independently verified. In order to ensure complete objectivity, IoT Analytics did not alter or supplement any survey results and also did NOT accept any participation from participants that were suggested from third parties (e.g., customers from specific vendors).
- Type of research. Primary research via prequalified online survey
- Audience type. C-level / Senior manager/ VP/Director
- Study time frame. February – March 2020
- Number of individual participants. 50
- Region mix. 30% APAC, 30% Europe, 28% North America, 12% Rest of World
Are you interested in continued IoT coverage and updates?
Subscribe to our newsletter and follow us on LinkedIn and Twitter to stay up-to-date on the latest trends shaping the IoT markets. For complete enterprise IoT coverage with access to all of IoT Analytics’ paid content & reports including dedicated analyst time check out Enterprise subscription.